Chapter – 3
I. Fill in the blanks with suitable words:
1. In the Bellary region, Kumararama is more popular than Krishnadevaraya among the common people.
2. Oral sources are a boon to Historians
3. Viewing history in a cyclic manner is called Kalachakra
4. The completion of on cycle is called yuga.
5. After the arrival of the British in India the writing of history was naturally . Pro foundly affected .
6. Historians resort to oral discriptions to narratic the lives of Ordinary People.
7. The British writings projected all the freedom struggles as Mutiney or riots.
8. In Bellary region more than Krishnadevaraya for centuries Kumararama was Popular
II. Discuss the following in groups and answer the following questions:
1. What are the effects of the arrival of the British on the writing of history?
- The historian started giving a philosophical touch to every event he described.
- This was termed History.
- Every incident was narrated in a way beneficial to the writers.
- For ex: the British, while writing, projected all the freedom struggles as mutiny or riots.
2. „Study of history in an ideological background is a challenge.‟ Explain.
- Writing about common people, especially poor peasants and labourers in the backdrop of various different ideological backgrounds became a challenge to historians.
- In the absence of historical evidences, attempts were made to stir up the memories
- of the ordinary people to unearth details about various events.
- They were related to the past and present events.
- Many a time, these memories of the incidents had religious recognition too.
3. Explain the linear model of writing of history.
- The writing of history which was deeply influenced by the Westerners, followed a simple linear model.
- According to this, second year follows the first year.
- 18th Century events that came after „17th Century events are recorded.
4. How can history be written based on oral sources?
- Many a time, the oral narratives depending on the situation change, expand or some of the characters may defy time.
- Although in the accepted history, they might have met their end, in the oral tradition, they may be immortal.
- The modern historian describes events keeping these sensitive points in mind. Thus, all oral narratives help creating a history.
5. Explain the cycle manner in writing history.
- Indian system views time in a cyclic manner. This is also called „Kalachakra‟.
- There is no end in sight for kalachakra.
- After one rotation of this chakra is completed, the second one starts.
- The completion of one cycle is called yuga.
- In this way, history is narrated as Tretayuga, Dwaparayuga etc.
- In such circumstances, many new incidents and events or avatars may merge.
- They undergo change from time to time.
6. How Historians trying to write oral History ?
- Historians are trying to write history based on the study of artefacts, lavanis, folk songs and also social traditions and behavior.
- Many emotional, humane, creative oral narratives have proved to be a boon to historians.
7. What is oral History ?
- Thus, historians resort to oral descriptions to narrate the lives of ordinary people.
- The history created by such oral descriptions is called Oral History.