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INDIA AFTER INDEPENDENCE-10th Social Science Notes

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Chapter 9

INDIA AFTER INDEPENDENCE

IMPORTANT PERSONS

1. Sardar Vallabhai patel- Iron man of India

2. Harisingh –The ruler of Jammu Kashmir

3. Shekh Abdullah –The leader of the Jammu and Kashmir National conference

4. Potti Sriramulu – went on fast over the issue of creation of Andhar Pradesh state

I Chose the correct Answer from the following alternatives

1. The declaration of the British Government for the creation of two independent countries called India and Pakistan announced on the .

a) 3rd June 1947 b)3rd March 12947

c) 3rd August 1947 d)3rd November 1947

2. After Independence a temporary Government was formed on the

a) 15th of November 1948 b)15th August 1947

c) 26th of January 1950 d) 02nd of October 1947

3. The Phrases secular and socialist were added to constitution according to this amendment

a) 45th b) 47th c)93rd d) 42nd

4. When British left India the number princely states provinces were

a)562 b)582 c)475 d)542

5. The Government abolished the payment of privy purse in the year

a) 1947 b)1996 c)1969 d)1973

6. Junagadh was Merged with India in

a)1947 b)1948 c)1950 d)1949

7. Pondicherry was declared a union territory in

a)1949 b)1963 c)1987 d)1948

8. Andhar Pradesh was created in the year

a)1953 b)1954 c)1957 d)1973

9. The first state formed based on Language was

a)Karnataka b)Goa c)Andhra Pradesh d)Junagadh

10. The Mysore State was inaugurated in

a)Nov 1st 1956 b)Nov 1st 1957 c)Nov 1st 1973 d)Nov 1st 1983

11. The Number of states in India at present is

a) 30 b)28 c)22 d)19

II Fill in the blanks with suitable words:

1. The last Governor General of the British India was Mount Batten

2. The first Home Minister of India was Sardar vallabhabhai Patel

3. The first President of India was Dr Baba Rajendra Prasad

4. Pondicherry joined India as a Union Territory in1963

5. The linguistic organization of India took place in1956

6. India Government followed an independent Non Alignment forging policy

7. Sardar vallabhabhai patel was known as Iron man of India.

8. The King of Jammu and Kashmir was Harisingh

9. The Leader of the Kashmir National con finance was Shelkh Abdullah

10. Goa was under the imperialist rule of Portugal

III. Match the following

1. Mount Batten a)People from Pakistan c

2. Privy Purse b)Nizam d

3. Refugees c)Governor General a

4. Babu Rajendra Prasad d)Annual compensation to native rulers e

5. Hyderabad e)The first president b

IV Discuss the following in groups and answer them:

1. What were the problems faced by India after Independence?

  • rehabilitation of refugees,
  • communal riots,
  • formation of government,
  • integration of various provinces, production of food,
  • development of agriculture, growth of industries etc. had to be dealt with.

2. How did the country deal with the problem of refugees?

The problem of refugees was one of the worst problems resulting from the partition of India. Due to the division, people had to migrate from Pakistan to India leaving their homes, familiar environment, property etc., and go to a new place. The burden of providing shelter, employment, land, education, health care, conducive

social environment to these refugees fell on the government. Many efforts went into this process of rehabilitation.

3. Describe the manner in which Pondicherry was liberated from the French.

The French colonies had continued their hold on Pondicherry, Kariakal, Mahe and Chandranagar in post-independence India.

As a result of the struggle by the Congress, the Communists and other organizations urging that it should be a part of India, in 1954, these provinces joined India. Pondicherry was declared a Union territory in 1963.

4. How was Goa liberated from the Portuguese?

  • Goa which was under the imperialist rule of Portugal, with India.
  • Though they were ordered to give up Goa, the Portuguese brought in additional troops from Africa and Europe, and tried to strengthen their hold by suppressing the movement.
  • In 1955, satyagrahis from different parts of India gathered at Goa and began a liberation movement demanding that the imperialists quit Goa.
  • In 1961, the Indian army intervened and took Goa under its control.
  • Goa which remained a Union Territory till 1987, became a state later on.

5. Describe the process of linguistic organization of states.

  • In 1953, the government formed Justice Fazal Ali Commission in which Fazal Ali was the Chairman, K.M.Panickker and H.N.Kunjru were the members.
  • In 1953, Andhra Pradesh became the first state to be formed based on language.
  • As per the report of the Commission, the State Reorganisation Act came into force in 1956. Accordingly, 14 States and 6 Union Territories were formed in the country.

6. What were the reason for the creation of India and Pakistan?

Based on the report of Lord Mountbatten, formed the basis for the creation of two independent countries called India and Pakistan. it became inevitable due to the divide and rule policy of the Birtitsh.

7. When was India constitution adopted?

The Indian constitution was adopted on the 26th of January 1950.

8. Which were the three options given to the provinces by British Government?

While dividing the country, the British had given three options given to the provinces.

  • They could join the Union of India.
  • They could join Pakistan.
  • without getting integrated with either of the nations,
  • They could remain independent.

9. Which are the provinces showed their stiff portion during integration?

During the process of integration, Junagadh, Hyderabad, Jammu and Kashmir displayed their stiff opposition.

10. Describe the events of the Marger of Hyderabad state with the Indian union Hyderabad was under the Nizam‟s rule. With the intention of remaining independent, the Nizam refused to join the Union of India. At this time, an armed struggle of the farmers of Telangana under the leadership of Communists was under way. There was a severe hatred against the Razakars cruel army of the Nizam. The Indian government sent an army and defeated the Nizam, paving the way for merger of Hyderabad with the Union of India in 1948.

11. Explain the problems of Jammu and Kashmir.

King Harisingh of Jammu and Kashmir which is located between Indian and Pakistan, wanted to be independent. Fearing a merger of Kashmir with India, Pakistan incited the tribals of the Jammu and Kashmir valley. The National Conference of Sheikh Abdullah which fought for the freedom of Kashmir, finally decided that merging with India that had a democratic republican constitution, was better than merging with Pakistan which had a religious constitution. Pressurized by such forceful circumstances, king Harisingh requested for help from the Indian government. After the Pakistani attempt failed, Jammu and Kashmir merged with India with certain conditions.

One part of Kashmir remained with Pakistan. The Indian government complained to the United Nations Organization against this. On 1st January 1949, the UNO ordered a ceasefire.

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