CLIMATE, SOIL, NATURAL VEGETATION AND ANIMALS OF KARNATAKA
I. Fill in the blanks with suitable words:
1. Summer season is in the months of _____________.
2. The season with the heavy rainfall is _____________
3. _____________ kind of soil is extensively found in North Karnataka.
4. . _____________area has evergreen forests.
5. _____________district has large forest area.
Ans. (1) Mareh to May;(2) June to September/ rainy season; (3) Black soil (4) Areas receiving more than 250 cms rainfall; (5) Uttar Kannada
II. Discuss in groups and answer the following questions.
1. Name the four seasons of Karnataka.
Ans. The four seasons of Karnataka are
(1) Summer season - Mareh to May
(2) Rainy season - June to September
(3) Retreating Monsoons - October and November
(4) Winter season - December to February
2. Write a note on the rainy season in Karnataka.
Ans. The rainy season in Karnataka is also called the season of South- West Monsoon winds. The Western Ghats check the moisture laden winds blowing from the Arabian Sea, resulting in heavy rain. As we move eastward, amount of rainfall gets
reduced. As a result, the eastern maidan is a rain-shadow area. Agumbe is an area of heavy rainfall. Hence it is called 'Cheerapunji of South India'. There is cloudy atmosphere throughout. During this season, Karnataka receives about 80 of its rainfall.
3. Mention the types of soils in Karnataka?
Ans. The types of soils found in Karnataka are
1) Red soil,
2) Black soil
3) Laterite Soil and
4) Coastal Alluvial Soil.
4. Name the natural vegetation of Karnataka.
Ans. The natural vegetation of Karnataka is classified into four types. They are –
1) Evergreen forests,
2) Deciduous forests,
3) Mixed forests and
4) Temperate Grasslands and shrubs.
5. Why is Karnataka known as 'the Land of Sandalwood'?
Ans. Sandalwood is a special tree grown in Karnataka forests. Perfume, objects with intricate carving, soap and medicines are manufactured from sandalwood. They are popular all over the world, and hence are not only supplied to all parts of the country but also exported to foreign countries. This is the reason Karnataka is known as 'the land of sandalwood'.
6. Name the wild animals in our forests.
Ans. The wild animals in our forests are tigers, lion, cheetah, wild buffalo, elephant, leopards, boars, bisons, stags, deer, bears, porcupines etc. Varieties of snakes are also found here.