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COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOUR AND PROTESTS-10th Standard Social Science Notes

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CHAPTER – 3

Sociology

COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOUR AND PROTESTS

1. A group of people assembled near a theatre to buy tickets represent a

a)Riot b)association c)Mob d)organization

2. Creation of is the main intention of rioters.

a)Peace b)non-violence c)Harmony d) chaos

3. Many developing nations are exerting enormous pressure on the environment due to

a)Increase in Poverty b) Increase in Population

c)Increase in Illiteracy d) Increase in Smuggling

4. The movement that took place in Tehri Garhwal district of Utter Pradesh in 1973 was

a)Silent Valley movement b) Chipko movement

c)Narmada movement d) Appiko movement

5. The „Appiko movement‟ was started in the year

a)1974 b)1984 c)1973 d) 1983

6. Medha Patkar and Baba Amte opposed the construction of dam across Narmada River under Project.

a) Sardar Sarover b)Chambal c)Tungabhadra d)Upper Krishna

7. The agitation against the construction of dam in Silent valley of state.

a) Karnataka b)Andhra Pradesh c) Tamil Nadu d)Kerala

8. Dr.Shivaram Karanth & others agitated against the set up of Nuclear Power Generation Center at

a)Narora b)Kalpakam c)Kaiga d)Tarapur

9. Women‟s self-help groups are very important in empowering women ---

a)Socially & Financially b) Politically & Religiously

c)Political & Environmentally d) none of the above

10. In „Appiko movement‟ the contractors came to cut down trees in _ forests.

a)Sudarbans b)Mangrove c)Kelase d)None of the above

11. Shri Sunderlal Bahuguna and Shri Chandiprasad Bhatt were the leaders of movement, which took place in 1973.

a)Movement against MRPL b) Narmada movement c)Appiko movement d) Chipko movement

12. Chipko, Appiko, Naramda & Silent Valley movements etc., are all mainly concerned with .

a)Protection of environment b)Construction of environment

c)Destruction of environment d)Development of environment

II. Fill in the Blanks

1. The state in which chipko movement took place is Tehri garhwal district of Uttar Pradesh

2. The leaders of the Narmada agitation is Medha Patkar and Babe Amte

3. Dr.Shivaram Karanth agitated against the Kaiga Nuclear power station.

4. An assembly of people around an accident scene is an example for mobs

5. Violent and destructive nature of mob behavior is called riot

6. Karnataka Stree empowerment programme is a good example of the effort to make women live independently.

7. The farmers of Salyani village in Uttar Kannada district of Karnataka began the Appiko movement.

8. Silent Valley Movement was successful in protecting many forms of flora and fauna.

9. Developed and developing nations exploit the natural resources in an aggressive manner.

10. Developing nations are destroying the environment for the purpose of their luxurious life.

III. Match the Following

1. Chipko movement a. Gujarat e. Uttar Pradesh

2. Appiko movement b. Mangalore f. Uttar Kannada

3. Narmada movement c. Kerala a. Gujarat

4. Silent valley movement d. Pondicherry c. Kerala

5. Movement against MRPL e. Uttar Pradesh b. Mangalore

-------------------------------------f. Uttar Kannada

IV. Answer the following Questions

1. What is “Collective behavior‟?

When man is a member of a group, he behaves in a manner totally different from the way he behaves when he is alone. This kind of behavior is called „Collective behavior‟.

2. Who are the leaders of “Chipko movement‟?

Shri Sunderlal Bahuguna

Shri Chandiprasad Bhatt

3. What is a self help group?

The concept of women‟s self help group is derived from self-awareness, self- motivation and mutual trust to fulfill the economic and social necessities by their own efforts and co-operation. It consists of ten to twenty local women members.

4. What are the examples of collective behaviour?

Human behaviour coming under the scope of collective behaviour includes mobs, rumours, propaganda, public opinion, revolution and social movements like

  • Chipko movement
  • Appiko movement
  • Narmada movement
  • Silent Valley movement
  • Movement against MRPL
  • Agitation against Kaiga

5. What is a “mob‟? Give examples.

  • “Assembly of people around a common interest without any expectation or planning is called a mob‟.
  • The mob is a temporary assembly of people which responds to a particular provocation.
  • For example a group of people assembled near a theatre to buy tickets, an assembly of people around an accident scene etc.,

6. Describe the nature of a mob.

  • Mob is a temporary assembly of people. In this, people assemble at a specific place.
  • Members of a mob are influenced very easily by mutual feelings, opinions and acts.
  • There is a possibility of display of suppressed feelings. Sometimes such displays assume violent form.

7. Describe the meaning and nature of environmental pollution.

The soil, air, water and biosphere around us getting polluted with toxins and chemicals are called environmental pollution. Many nations in the world are exerting enormous pressure on the environment due to the problems faced by increase in the human population. In addition, the unbridled growth of cities, proliferation of industries, technological progress, expansion of transport system etc., are destroying the forests and polluting the environment. Consequently, pollution is posing a serious problem.

8. Explain the importance of women‟s self-help groups.

  • Women’s self-help groups are very important in empowering the women socially.
  • Self – help groups are modern forms of government commercial organization.
  • These self-help groups, by increasing educational awareness, have helped women to lead an independent life.
  • They also enable women to get their fundamental human rights independently.
  • These sensitive groups operate keeping in mind women‟s democratic rights, power and self respect.
  • They strive to provide women opportunities to participate in all developmental programs.

V. EXTRA QUESTIONS:

1. What is Influence of mob?

  • Uncontrolled acts of the members of a mob often indicate the shortcomings of the society.
  • Sometimes, they express the frustration towards the working of social organizations.
  • In addition, they represent the people‟s dissatisfaction about the government‟s projects, attitude and specific programs.
  • When the collective behavior goes to an extreme, it becomes necessary to use police force, security forces, military help etc.,

2. What is riot?

Riots are a type of mob behavior. Violent and destruction nature of mob behavior is called riot.

3. What is the nature of riots?

  • When riots become uncontrollable and harmful, they lead to destruction.
  • The minimum level of unity seen in a mob is not visible in a riot.
  • Those involved in riots go on destroying everything in their way.
  • Creation of chaos is the intension of riots.
  • Sometimes, these riots lead to large scale loss of property and lives.
  • The people engaged in riots do not have any particular aim or cause for the destruction they cause.
  • Riots have become serious challenges for law and order.

5. What are the main causes for riots? Give some examples.

  • Provoking circumstances
  • Individual‟s uncontrolled behavior
  • Uncivilized behavior
  • Criminal intent of people
  • Riotous mindset is the main causes for riots.
  • Example: - Communal clashes, Communal fights and group clashes.

6. What are reasons for environmental pollution?

  • The unbridled growth of cities
  • Proliferation of industries
  • Technological progress
  • Expansion of transport system etc., are destroying the forests and polluting the environment.

7. Why people agitated against Kaiga Nuclear power generation centre?

This agitation was carried out because the agitations felt that the nuclear power generation center would cause loss of forest cover, and the radiation from the center would pollute the environment, thus endangering the survival of various animal species of the area.

8. How does self help group empower women in government projects?

  • These groups empower the women financially too.
  • The government of India is also encouraging women to participate actively in these groups.
  • Self help groups are modern forms of government‟s commercial organization.
  • By establishing these self help groups in rural areas, it is possible to provide women micro finance in a major way and also help them in social and economic development.

9. What are the difference between Mob and Riots

MOb

Riots

Ø Assembly of people around a

common interest without any expectation or planning is called a mob‟.

Ø The mob is a temporary assembly of people which responds to a particular provocation.

Ø Mob is a temporary assembly of people. In this, people assemble at a specific place.

Ø Members of a mob are influenced

very easily by mutual feelings,

opinions and acts.

Ø There is a possibility of display of suppressed feelings. Sometimes such displays assume violent form.

Ø Uncontrolled acts of the members of a mob often indicate the shortcomings of the society.

Ø Sometimes, they express the frustration towards the working of social organizations.

Ø In addition, they represent the

people‟s dissatisfaction about the government‟s projects, attitude and specific programs.

Ø When the collective behavior goes to

an extreme, it becomes necessary to use police force, security forces, military help etc.,

Ø Riots are a type of mob behavior.

Violent and destruction nature of mob behavior is called riot.

Ø Provoking circumstances

Ø Individual‟s uncontrolled behavior

Ø Uncivilized behavior

Ø Criminal intent of people

Ø Riotous mindset is the main causes for riots.

Ø Example: - Communal clashes, Communal fights and group clashes.

Ø When riots become uncontrollable

and harmful, they lead to destruction.

Ø The minimum level of unity seen in a mob is not visible in a riot.

Ø Those involved in riots go on destroying everything in their way.

Ø Creation of chaos is the intension of riots.

Ø Sometimes, these riots lead to large scale loss of property and lives.

Ø The people engaged in riots do not have any particular aim or cause for the destruction they cause.

Ø Riots have become serious challenges for law and order.

POINTS TO REMEMBER:

  • Collective behavior is an integral part of our social life.
  • “Assembly of people around a common interest without any expectation or planning is called a mob.
  • Violent and destructive nature of mob behavior is called riot.
  • The social, air, water and biosphere around us getting polluted with toxins and chemicals is called environmental pollution.
  • Chipko movement: People hugged the trees and hated their destruction in Tehri Garhwal district of Uttar Pradesh, in 1973 under the leadership of Shri Sundeerlal Bahuguna and Shri Chandiprasad Bhatt.
  • Appiko movement: 1983, the farmers of Salyani village in Uttara Kannada in kelase
  • forest, the farmers hugged the trees and protested.
  • Narmada movement: People under the leadership of environmental activists Medha Patkar and Baba Amte Protested against the construction of a dam across the Narmada River under Sardar Sarovar Project in Gujarat.
  • MRPL: Mangalore Refineries and Petrochemicals Limited.
  • “Siri‟: Rural Industry, being run by the Shree Kshetra Dharmasthala Rural Development Project in Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka.
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