-->
Advertisement
Advertisement

FORESTS OF INDIA-10th Standard Social Science Notes

Advertisement

CHAPTER 5

Geogrpahy

FORESTS OF INDIA

I Choose the Correct answer from the following alternatives:

1. The Bandipur, Nagarahole and Bannerghatta National Parks are in

a) Tamilnadu b) Karnataka

c) Kerala d) Andhra Pradesh

2. In the Ganges delta there are plenty of Sundari trees and the forests are Known as

a) Tidal b) Monsoon c) Sundarabans d) Deciduous forests

3. The Tropical deciduous forests are also called

a) Monsoon forests b) Evergreen forests c) Mangalore forests d)Desert vegetation

4. The trees of these forests Maintain greenery through the year

a) Tropical deciduous forests b) Evergreen forests

c) Desert Vegetation d)Alpine Vegetation

II. Fill in the blanks with suitable words:

1. The forests found in Assam and Meghalaya are Evergreen type of forests.

2. The Himalayas have alpine kind of forests.

3. The Ganga river delta is also called Sunderbans

4. Bannerughatta National Park is in Karnataka state.

5. In sunderban forest Sundari trees are growing.

6. The first biosphere resrve in India is seshachalam nilgiri.

7. The first established national park in India is Jim Corbett in Uttaranchal.

8. There are 18 biosphere reserves.

9. There are 523 wild life sanctuaries.

10. Different types forests are found in Himalayas

11. The largest area under forest Madhya pradesh

12. The less area under forest Haryana

13. Karnataka state is in the 13th position in terms of area of forests.

14. Mangrove forests are formed due to tides

III Answer the following after discussing them in groups:

1. How much of area is under forests in India?

India has approximately 6.9 lakh km (i.e. 69 million hectares) of forest forming an average of 21.2% of the geographical area.

2. Name any two National parks of Karnataka.

Nagarahole and Bannerugatta

3. What is meant by natural vegetation?

The total plant life growing naturally in an area is called forest or Natural vegetation.

4. What are your suggestions for conservation of forests?

  • Cutting down dried-up and abrasing trees which causes forest fires;
  • Protecting the forest trees against diseases;
  • planting saplings; sowing seeds;
  • guarding against illegal cutting of trees;
  • avoiding grazing of domestic animals in forests;
  • motivating people to plant saplings;
  • creating awareness among people about trees and encouraging them to protect them; implementing the social forestry projects speedily and successfully.

5. What is meant by bio-diversity?

Bio diversity is the term given to the variety of the life on earth. It is the variety within and between all speceies of plants, animals and micro organisms and the eco systems within which they live and interact.

6. Explain the characteristics and distribution of deciduous forests in India.

  • This type of forests are more widely distributed in India.
  • They are seen in areas receiving 75 to 250 cms of rainfall.
  • It forms about 65.5% of the total area of forests.
  • Since India has mainly monsoon climate, this type of forest is distributed widely.
  • The trees shed their leaves during the dry winters.
  • As such these are also called deciduous monsoon forests.

7. Explain its significance and methods of conservation.

  • Cutting down dried-up and abrasing trees which causes forest fires;
  • Protecting the forest trees against diseases;
  • planting saplings; sowing seeds;
  • guarding against illegal cutting of trees;
  • avoiding grazing of domestic animals in forests;
  • motivating people to plant saplings;
  • creating awareness among people about trees and encouraging them to protect them;
  • implementing the social forestry projects speedily and successfully.

8. Mention the important wild life sanctuaries of India.

  • Tamil Nadu: Annamalai Wild-life Sanctuary, Coimbatore, Nilgiri
  • West Bengal: Madarihaat, Jaldapara
  • Rajasthan: Bharatpur, Kivola Divo Bird Sanctury
  • Haryana: Sultanpura, Goregaon
  • Punjab: Birmotibagh, Patiala
  • Andhra Pradesh: Guntur, Nagarjuna Sagar

9. Mention the Important National Parks are found in India.

Jim Corbett National Park in Uttaranchal is the first national park to be established in India. The main national parks in India are:

1. Kaziranga National Park, Sibsagar, Assam

2. Sunderbans, 24 Paraganas district

3. Hazaribagh National Park, Bihar

4. Gir National Park, Junagad, Gujarat

5. Kanha National Park, Maandya and Balaghat, Madhya Pradesh

6. Tandova National Park, Chandrapur, Maharashtra

10. Which are the Biosphere Reserves of are found in India?

The important Biosphere Reserves of India are : Nilgiri, Nandadevi, Nokrek, Great Nicobar, Galf of Mannar, Manas, Sunderbans, Similipal, Kanchenganga, Amarakantaka, cold desert (Himachal Pradesh),Panna and Seshachalam Nilgiri was the first Biosphere reserve of India

11. How many Natural vegetation of India ?

1. Evergreen forests

2. Deciduous monsoon forests

3. Tropical Grasslands

4. Mangrove forests

5. Desert vegetation and

6. Alpine forests of Himalayan.

12. What is meant by conservation of forests?

Protection of forests from human beings, animals and natural disasters is called Conservation of forests.

13. What are the causes for destruction of forest?

The causes for destruction of forest are

  • Expansion of agriculture,
  • animal-grazing,
  • counstraction of roads and rail routes,
  • irrigation projects,
  • forest fires,
  • mining forest fires etc are the main causes for the destruction of forests.
  • Hence it is very essential to protect forests.
Advertisement

0 Response to "FORESTS OF INDIA-10th Standard Social Science Notes"

Post a comment