INDUSTRIES OF KARNATAKA-9th Standard Social Science Notes

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INDUSTRIES OF KARNATAKA

I. Fill in the blanks:

1. The first Iron and Steel Industry of Karnataka was established at ____

2. Manchester of Karnataka is _______

3. __________ is produced from sugarcane.

4. ___________industry is in Ammasandra.

5. _____________ city is called 'Silicon Valley'.

Ans. (I) Bhadravathi; (2) Davanagere; (3) Sugar; (4) Cement (5) Bangalore

II. Discuss in groups and answer the following :

1. Write a note on the industrial development in Karnataka.

Ans. Karnataka has a variety of industries from agro based to small scale and modem large scale. Sir M. Visveshwaraiah's contribution to the development of industries in Karnataka is immense. The first hydro electric power generating station in India was established at Shivanasamudra in 1902. After this many industries like Rice mills, factories of tiles, beedies and cigarettes, iron and brass foundries were established. After 1923, many modem manufacturing units like iron and steel, soap factory, cotton and silk mills, paper, cement, paint, sugar, sandal oil industries etc. were set up. Mysore province was a model industrial state. After independence, the industrial policy of the Central Government enabled further industrial development in the state. As a result, many more factories were established like manufacture of aeroplanes, engineering, machine tools, (HMT, BEL, BHEL) watches, iron and steel, aluminium, information technology, electronic bio-technology, etc.

2. Explain the iron and steel industry of Karnataka.

Ans. Karnataka is the first state in South India to establish an Iron and Steel Industry. The first industry was set at Bhadravathi 1923 so as to make use of abundant iron ore available in the Baba budangiri hills. It was named as Mysore Iron and Steel Industries Limited (MSIL). Today it is known as Visveswaraiah Iron and Steel limited (VSIL). In the beginning, firewood was being used for the blast furnace. After Sharavathi hydro power generating station was established, hydroelectricity began to be used At present, a special variety of steel and pig iron are being produced. Jindal Vijayanagar Steel Limited is another industry which is established in 2001 at Torangal in Bellary district using the latest Corex technology.

3. Give an account on distribution of cotton textile industry in Karnataka.

Ans. The first Cotton factory, M.S.K. Mill, was established in 1884 at Gu1barga. Later another was started in Hubli. After independence, cotton mills were set up in the northern maidan region where cotton was grown widely. Davanagere is called the Manchester of Karnataka. There are ginning and spinning mills in Hubli, Ilkel, Guledgudda, Rabakavi, Bagalkot, Molakalmuru, Gadag Betagiri, Badami, Belgaum, Naragund, Gokak, Bellary, Hunsur, Nanjangud, Periyapattana and Chamraj nagar.

4. What are the factors essential to start a sugar industry?

Ans. The factors essential to start a sugar industry are -sugarcane production, ideal climate, power supply, local market, labour, transport system etc.

5. Mention the reasons for centralization of information technology industry in Bangalore?

Ans. Bangalore has good climate, electricity supply, technical experts, financial assistance, vast market and infrastructure. That is why it has emerged as a center for information technology
industry.

III.

Match the following:

A

B

I.

Dandcli

a.

Cement

2.

Torangal

b.

Cotton Textiles

3.

Molakalmuru

c.

Paper

4.

Shahabad

d.

Computers

5.

Infosys

e.

Iron and steel

Ans.

1 - (c); 2 - (e); 3 -(b); 4 - (a); 5 - (d).

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