CHAPTER – 13
POPULATION OF INDIA
I Fill in the blanks with suitable words:
1. The word density is used to describe the distribution of population.
2. Total population of India as per 2011 census is 121 Crores
3. India‟s average density of population is 382 per square km.
4. Uttarpradesh is the state having the highest population.
5. Sikkim is the state has the lowest population.
6. Bihar is the state of highest density of population.
II Answer the following after discussing them in groups:
1. What is meant by „population‟?
The total number of people living in a place during a specific period is called the population of that place.
2. What is meant by „Density of Population‟?
To describe distribution of population the word „density‟ is used. The total population of a area divided by its total area gives density. Usually it is described as number of people per square kilometer.
3. What is „Migration‟?
Shifting of residential place from one place to another is called Migration. A migrant means one who has shifted from his birthplace and settled in another place.
4. What are the types of migration?
There are mainly two types of migration: International and Internal (Domestic)
5. What are the factors influencing on distribution of population?
The distribution of population in India is influenced by various geographical, economic, political and social factors. This is the reasons for differences from region to region. In addition, distribution of rain, temperature, soil, irrigation, minerals, power resources, industrial development, transport facilities, trade and commerce, defence etc. These factors influenced in the inequality in population distribution. Areas having more Residential it has highest density of population. On the other side large ara have low density of population, because no facility. Even now many areas in India have a low density due to these reasons.
6. Write are the problems of migration?
There are many types of problems due to migration:
- When the rural population migrates to cities in search of jobs, due to lack of residing places those people are forced to live in slums.
- Migration leads to immoral and other activities.
- Pressure mounts on the basic amenities like water, electricity, roads, education etc.
- The density population are increases in the places of migrated regions.
- It affects the employment it causes like robbery, dacoity, murder and other criminal activities.
- It affects the employment opportunity.
- It causes like robbery, dacvity, murder and other criminal activities.
7. What are the effects of population growth?
Human resource is necessary for economic development. But its rate should be in harmony with the available natural resources. Already, India has a very high population. Hence, instead being a resource, it has become a major problem. Population explosion has a harmful effect on economic development. Rapid growth of population has posed a lot of serious problems. Most important among them are
unemployment, shortage of food, lack of nutrition, pressure on civic and social amenities, low per capita income, slow rate of economic development, political unrest, social problems. In this way,
Increase in population is the main reason for many problems being faced by the country.
8. What are the problems of migration? and what are the measures to control of migration.
To prevent problems due to migration of rural population, many steps have been taken:
- Establishing industrial areas outside the city limits, thereby encouraging the workers to stay in satellite towns.
- Expanding and providing facilities available in cities like good roads, drinking water, sanitary facility, library, educational
- institutions for villages and small towns. This is called „PURA‟ project. By these methods, migration of rural population can be checked.
- Improving transportation facilities between cities and surrounding rural areas.
- Establishing satellite towns just outside city limits.
Density of population : 3 Density zones
1901 - 77 people / sq.km Highest Density - More than 500 people
1991 - 267 Moderate Denisty- 251 to 500 people
2001 - 324 Low Density -Less than 250 people
2011 - 382
Bihar – highest
Do you know this?
Features of 2011 Census of India
1. Total population in India 1210 million (121 crores)
2. Average Density 382/sq.km.
3. The state of Highest Density Bihar - 1102/sq.km.
4. The state of Lowest Density Arunachal Pradesh - 17 sq.km.
5. The state of Highest Growth Rate Meghalaya - 27.82 %
6. Average Literacy 74.04 %
7. The state of Maximum Literacy Kerala - 93.91 %
8. The state of Minimum Literacy Bihar - 63.82
9. The state of Highest population UttarPradesh - 199.5 million
10. The state of Lowest population Sikkim - 6.07 lakhs
11. Highest populated union Territory Delhi -16.07 million
12. Lowest populated union Territory Lakshadweep - 60,000
13. Average Deth rate -6.8 per 1000
14. Average Birth rate -22.65 per 1000
15. Average sex ratio - 940 female per 1000 males
16. Highest sex ratio Kerala - 1084 women/ 1000 men
17. Lowest sex ratio Haryana - 877 women/1000 men