CHAPTER – 1
1. Concentration of wealth and facilities in hands of a few led to the of the other people.
a)Disarmament b)Equal opportunities c)Discrimination d)Employment opportunities
2. The blacks in America were not permitted to attend the schools of the whites, this inequality resulted in the system of
a)Economic stratification b) Social stratification c)Religious stratification d) Political stratification
3. Prejudice created by discrimination led to development of feelings like
a)Patience b)Discontempt c)Respect d) Hatred
4. The person who called untouchability a „stigma‟ on the Hindu society was
a)Mahatma Gandhi b) Jyotiba Phula c)Swami Vivekananda d) Dr.B.R.Ambedkar
5. The caste stratification considers to be at the lowest rung in the society.
a)Unemployed b)Uneducated c)Employed d) Untouchables
6. Which section of the Indian Constitution prohibits the practice of untouchability?
a)Section 17 b)Section 332 c)Section 29 d) Section 25
7. The „Untouchability Crime Act‟ was implemented in the year
a)1951 b)1955 c)1953 d) 1957
8. Some lacunae of the „Untouchability Crime Act‟ were rectified and the Act was amended as “Citizens Act‟.
a) Citize ns‟ Rights Protection b) Job Protection c)Duties Protection d) Peace Protection
9. Jyotiba Phule, Swami Vivekananda, Dr.B.R.Ambedkar and many other great personalities made immense efforts to wipe out the social evil of
a)Poverty b)Corruption c)Untouchability d)Illiteracy
10. Some people belonging to certain low-castes ere considered and untouchables.
a)Brahmins b)Shudras c)Khashtriya d) None of the above
II. Fill in the Blanks:
1. “Truly the whole mankind is one‟ is declared by Pampa
2. Untouchability is a “stigma‟ on Hindu religion. This was told by Mahatma Gandhi
3. Section 17 of the constitution declares that practice of untouchability is a punishable offence.
4. Children reap the evil effects of stratification created by society.
5. Social inequality leads to social conflicts
6. The practice of Untouchability is dying down as a result of the gradual increase in Literacy
7. Section 29 guarantees educational facilities.
8. Section 16(4) and 320(4) guarantee reservation in the employment sector to scheduled castes and tribes.
9. Section 25 guarantees free entry to all people to social and religious places.
10. Sections 330, 332 and 334 guarantee reservation in the political field to scheduled castes and tribes.
III. Match the Following:
1. Pampa a. Social reformer f.
2. Jyotiba Phule b. 1976 a.
3. Untouchability Crime Act c. Eradication of untouchability e.
4. Citizens Rights & Protection Act d. Right to equality b.
5. Section 17 e. 1955 c.
------------------f. Kannada Poet
IV. Answer the following Questions
1. What is meant by “Social stratification‟?
Social stratification refers to the practice of classifying people as upper class and lower class on the basis of income , education, caste, colour, gender, occupation, intelligence, etc.,
2. How has social stratification been created?
- The social stratification has been done by the society. For instance, opportunities for good nutritious food, school, employment are more for children born in rich families.
- Children in poor families lack such opportunities.
- Children are not responsible for the segregation of people as rich and poor.
- But they have to reap the evil effects of stratification created by society.
3. What is meant by „Prejudices‟?
Prejudice is the opinion, a person forms about another person or community even before he gets to know them.
4. What are the Constitutional and legal measures undertaken to eradicate untouchability? Explain.
- Section 17 of the Constitution prohibits the practice of untouchability.
- The „Untouchability Crime Act‟ was implemented in 1955.
- Some lacunae of this Act were rectified and the Act was amended as „Citizens‟ Rights Protection Act‟ in 1976.
- According to this, practice of untouchability is a punishable offence.
- Besides, universal suffrage and right to equality have been guaranteed in the constitution to all citizens of the country.
- All people belonging to backward castes, especially the scheduled castes, have been provided reservation in educational, political, economic and employment opportunities.
- The Regulation of 1989 confers special responsibilities to the state governments with regard to eradication of untouchability.
5. What are your suggestions to stop the social evil of untouchability?
- Everyone should have equal respect towards untouchables as human beings.
- Must have a common worship place for all.
- Encourage those people to get all the government facilities and get benefitted.
- Discourage the rivalry in different attitude towards them by the upper caste people.
6. What is the result of social stratification?
- The system of social stratification leads to inequality and differences.
- It humiliates the people classified as the law class.
- For example, the blocks in America were not permitted to attend the schools of the whites.
- In India, untouchables were not allowed to take water from public wells or lakes.
7. What are the results of Prejudices?
- Prejudice is the opinion a person forms about another person or community even before he gets to know them.
- This kind of opinion may be positive or negative.
- However, prejudices created by discrimination lead to development of feelings like impatience, contempt, disrespect and hatred.
- As a result, social inequality develops leading to social conflicts.
POINTS TO REMEMBER:
1955 – Untouchability Crime Act.
1976 – Citizens‟ Rights Protection Act.
Section 17(Constitution) – Prohibits practice of untouchability.
Sections 15, 16, 17, 38 and 46 – stipulate that there should be no discrimination among Indian citizens.
Sections 16(4) and 320(4) – Guarantee reservation in the employment sector to SC‟s & ST‟s.
Section 330, 332, 334 – Guarantee reservation in the political field to SC‟s & ST‟s.
Section 29 – Guarantees educational facilities.
Section 25 – Guarantees free entry to all people to social and religious places.