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SOCIOLOGY IN DAILY LIFE-8th Standard Social Science Notes

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SOCIOLOGY IN DAILY LIFE

I. Fill in the blanks :

1.We express our feelings through _________

2. Sociology enables us to study every subject without any _____

3. Social interaction is __________

Ans: I. language 2. Prejudice 3. to interact with others

II Answer the following questions:

2.How does sociology enable us to understand the society in our daily lives?

Ans. Sociology provides us with the right information needed for our daily lives. It enables us to study all subjects without any prejudices.

2. Give an example to illustrate the importance of language.

Ans. We learn the language that is suitable for our environment, or else it will be difficult to lead our lives. Sometimes we use a different kind of communication to satisfy our needs. If we do not know language, we cannot converse with anyone.

3.What is role-consciousness?

Ans. The performance by every person of his role, like a teacher, a mother, father, doctor, etc., is known as role consciousness.

III. Answer the following questions in 4 - 5 sentences each:

1. Describe the relationship between language and society.

Ans. We interact (use language) with many people in our daily lives which is called social interaction. We cannot lead our daily lives without communication. The language that we speak depends on the area we reside in. We learn the language that is suitable for our environment, or else it will be difficult to lead our lives. Sometimes we use a different kind of communication to satisfy our needs. If we do not know language, we cannot converse with anyone. On such occasions, we express our feelings through body language or facial expressions.

1.Explain role consciousness with an example.

Ans. The performance by every person of his role as a teacher,
doctor, brother, mother, sister, etc., is known as role
consciousness. Every individual adopts many roles according to his age and conditions. For example, as the teacher enters the classroom, he may ask many questions. Through these questions, he tests whether we have studied at home or not. We also ask questions about the topics we have not understood and get clarifications. We expect the teacher to do his/her duty and guide us in our studies.

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