THE STATE GOVERNMENT
I. Fill in the blanks with suitable words:
1. The Union of India comprises States and _________ Union Territories.
2. The _________ nominates one Anglo-Indian to the State Legislative Assembly.
3. The Karnataka Legislative Council comprises _________ members.
4. The State Cabinet, comprising the _________ and the _________ is the real Executive.
5. The Governor is nominated by the _________
6. The State Advocate General is nominated by the _________
7. Criminal courts came into existence on _________
8. The lowest land tax court is the _________
Ans: (1) 28, 7; (2) Governor; (3) 75; (4) Council of Ministers, Chief Minister; (5) President; (6) Governor; (7) 1st April 1974; (8) Tahsildar Court.
II. Answer the following questions with group discussion:
1. Explain the structure of the Legislative Assembly.
Ans: The strength of the Legislative Assembly or Vidhana Sabha depends on the population of the State. The maximum number of seat of any Vidhana Sabha should not exceed 500 or be below 60. However, the number of seats in small States is less. The Speaker and the Deputy Speaker are elected from among
the elected Members of the Assembly. The members of the Assembly are elected for a term of 5 years. However, the assembly may be dissolved before the expiry of the full term on the recommendation of the Cabinet. At that time, the State will be under President's rule.
2. Which fields are represented by the members of the Legislative Council?
Ans: The members of the Legislative Council/represent five fields. Some are elected from among the Members of the Legislative assembly, Local Bodies, Graduates' Constituencies, and Teacher's Constituencies. The Governor nominates some Members who are experts in the field 0r art, literature, education, social service, science members who have completed their term retire.
3. What are the qualifications, and the term of office of the Governor.
Ans: The qualifications of the office of the Governor are as follows
(l) Should be a citizen of India
(2) Should not be less than 35 years of age.
(3) Should not hold any office of profit under the Government.
(4) should not be a Member of either Parliament or State Legislature. If he is a Member of either, he should resign from that post when he is appointed as the Governor. The term of the office of the Govt. is 5 years.
4. Write a short note on the Chief Minister.
Ans: The Chief Minister is the Head of the State Government. Success or failure of the State government depends on his personal charm. He is the repository of all the power of the State. He is the Head of the Council of Ministers, the Legislature, and the leader of the majority party in the government. The Chief Minister should be a member of any one of the two Houses. Even those who are not Members of either House can become the Chief Minister. However, he has
to become the Member of anyone House within 6 months.
5. Which are the subordinate courts under the Civil Courts?
Ans: The subordinate courts under the Civil Court are-
(1) Court of Subordinate judges (2) Court of additional Subordinate judges, (3) Court of Munsiffs, (4) Court of additional Munsiffs.
5. What was the purpose of establishing LokAdalats? When did they come into existence?
Ans: In India, the legal procedure IS time-consuming and expensive too. As an alternative, the Government has set up other forms of legal institutions which function faster and are less expensive. These came into existence in 1985. One of them is Lok Adalat. It takes up cases from parties which mutually agree to settle the cases amicably. Cases which have not yet been disposed off by the other courts or the High Court can be settled by the Lokadalat.