WORLD ORGANIZATIONS-10th Standard Social Science Notes

CHAPTER – 5

Political Science

WORLD ORGANIZATIONS

I Choose the Correct Answer from the following alternatives

1. The U.N.O as the World organization came into existence on

a)24th October 1945 b) 26th October 1945 c)25th October 1945 d) 27th October 1945

2. How many member nations are there at present in the UNO

a)198 b) 193 c)197 d) 195

3. Who first coined the term „United Nations‟ ?

a)Winston Churchill b) Franklin D Roosevelt c)Joseph Stalin d) None of the above

4. How many articles does the Charter of the U.N.O. contains

a)118 b)114 c)115 d) 111

5. Identify which is not an organ of U.N.O.?

a)General Assembly b) European Union c)Security Council d.) The Trusteeship Council

6. How many vice President & chairmen does the General Assembly select?

a)17 & 4 b)17 & 7 c)14 & 4 d) 14 & 7

7. Identify the Nation which is one of the permanent members of the Security

Council?

a)Germany b)Italy c)France d) Spain

8. World Health Organization(W.H.O.) is one of the specialized agencies whose work is coordinated by

a)Economic & Social Council b)Security council c)Trusteeship Council d) General Assembly

9. The International Court of Justice consists of judges.

a) 14 b)16 c)15 d) 17

10. The Secretariat is located at the head quarters of the UN in

a)New York b) Moscow c)Washington d) Beijing

11. The council which look after the small territories, having no statehood is a)The Economic & Social Council b) The Security council c)The General Assembly d)The Trusteeship Council

12. The agency of U.N which fights against poverty, malnutrition & hunger is

a)W.H.O. b)W.T.O. c)U.N.C.T.A.D d) F.A.O.

13. W.H.O. was established in the year

a) 1945 b) 1950 c) 1948 d) 1946

14. The head quarter of UNESCO is in

a)Paris b)Hague c)London d) Hamburg

15. Money collected by selling greeting cards by UNICEF is utilized for the welfare of

a) Women b)Children c)Orphans d)Farmers

16. The International Bank of Reconstruction and Development has two subsidiaries a) IDA & B)

a)ILO b) IMF c) IFC d) FAO

17. Striving for the welfare of working class is the aim of

a)I.M.F b) U.N.C.T.A.D c)UNICEF d) None of the above

18. World Trade Organization was established on

a)1st Jan 1990 b)1st Jan 1995 c)1st Jan 1993 d) 1st Jan 1998

19. Number of Countries in the Commonwealth of Nations at present is

a)54 b) 57 c)56 d) 58

20. Which country does not come under SAARC

a)Bhutan b)Afghanistan c)India d) Myanmar

21. The European Union in Maastricht is the successor of

a)European Economic Commission b)European Education Commission

c)European Economic Community d)European Education Community

22. The original members of ASEAN are

a) India, Pakistan, Sri lanka, Bhutan, Myanmar

b) India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri lanka Myanmar

c) India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan

d) Philippines, Thailand,Malaysia, Indonesia Singapore

23. OAU was formed in 1963 for Solidarity of

a)Asian countries b)American countries c)African countries d)European countries

24. Which agency of U.N. aims at solving international economic problems?

a)I.M.F b)I.L.O c)W.H.O. d)UNESCO

25. Geneva of Switzerland is the head quarters

a) W.T.O & I.L.O b)I.L.O & W.H.O

c)I.M.F & UNESCO d)W.H.O & UNICEF

26. Who is the present Secretariat General of U.N.?

a)U.Thant b)Trygve Lie c)Ban Ki Moon d)Kofi A.Annan

27. can be regarded as 3rd economic pillar of World Trade and commerce.

a)W.H.O b)UNICEF c)UNESCO d) W.T.O.

28. ASEAN association included about of the World‟s population.

a) 3% b)9% c)5% d) 12%

29. The expansion of U.N.C.T.A.D is

a)The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

b)The United Nations Conference on Tax and Development

c)The United Nations Committee on Trade and Development

d)The United Nations Cooperation on Trade and Development

30. The headquarters of F.A.O. is in

a)Rome b)Katmandu c)Geneva d)Washington

II. Fill in the Blanks

1. UNO has been established in 24th October 1945

2. The headquarters of UNO is situated in the city of New York

3. The organ of the UNO resembling the cabinet is The Security Council

4. Tenure of Judges of International court of Justice 9 years.

5. International Court of Justice is at Hague of Netherland

6. The present Secretary General of UNO is Ban Ki Moon

7. World Health Organization has been started in the year 1948

8. SAARC has been established in the year 1985

9. The head quarters of W.H.O. is in Geneva of Switzerland

10. The head quarters of F.A.O. is in Rome

11. UNICEF won the Nobel prize in 1965

12. The headquarters of I.M.F. IS Washington

13. The I.B.R.D. is also known as world Bank

14. Commonwealth of nations started in 1926

15. The head quarters of SAARC IS Katmandu of Nepal

16. European Union was established in 1992 by the Treaty of European union in Maastrict.

17. The organization of African unity was formed in 1963

III. Match the Following:

1. The General assembly a. Elected by General Assembly b.

2. The Security Council b. World Parliament c.

3. The Economic and Social Council c. Most Powerful organ a.

4. Trusteeship Council d. Appointed by the General Assembly f.

5. Chief administrative Officer e. Specialized Agencies d.

---------------------------------------f. Assisting organ of the General Assembly

IV. Answer the following Questions

1. Who are responsible for the formation of UNO?

  • Winston Chruchchill of England
  • Joseph Stalin of Russia
  • Franklin D Roosevelt of America

2. Which are the main organs of UNO?

  • The General Assembly
  • The Security Council
  • The Economic and Social Council
  • The Trusteeship Council
  • The International Court of Justice
  • The Secretariat

3. Who are the permanent members of Security Council?

USA, Russia, Britain ,France and China

4. What are the objectives of W.H.O.?

  • In order to protect and improve health of mankind W.H.O. was established in 1948.
  • W.H.O. strives to eradicate epidemics like cholera, plague, malaria, small pox etc.,
  • It fights against AIDS, Cancer and similar global level health hazards.
  • In its agenda there are issues like population explosion, environment protection, hunger and malnutrition.

5. Prepare the list of activities of International Labour Organization?

  • I.L.O. aims at the welfare of the working class
  • Issues like social security, protection from health hazards, standard of living etc., of working classes comes under the purview of I.L.O.
  • The maternity benefits of women labour, minimum wage, housing benefits etc.
  • are also dealt by this organization.

6. Expand the word SAARC.

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation.

7. List out the objectives of UNO.

  • The objectives of the UNO are:
  • To maintain international peace and security.
  • To develop friendly relations among nations.
  • To establish faith in fundamental human rights.
  • To achieve international cooperation in solving international problems of economic, social, cultural or humanitarian character.
  • To establish justice and respect for international obligation.
  • To function as a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.

8. Explain the formation of General Assembly.

  • This is the general body consisting of all the members of the U.N.
  • Each member country can send 5 members but have only single vote.
  • The Assembly at its first session elects a President for a term of one year.
  • It also elects 17 vice Presidents and 17 Chairmen for the 7 standing Committees.
  • The ordinary session normally commences in September and lasts until mid December

 

  • A two third majority of members present and voting is required on all important questions.
  • The annual budget is to be approved by General Assembly.
  • Emergency meetings of the Assembly may be summoned to discuss urgent issues.
  • It is playing a prominent role in almost all global issues as a World Parliament.

9. What are the activities of Economic and Social Council?

  • The main functions of Economic and Social Council is
  • To study and report about international economic, social, cultural, educational, health and related matters. Accordingly issues like that of refuges, status of women, and housing etc come under its purview.
  • It makes recommendations for the observance of human rights and fundamental freedom.
  • It can convene international conference pertaining to human resources, culture, education etc.,
  • The Council coordinates the work of specialized agencies like International Labour Organization (I.L.O.) Food and Agricultural Organization (F.A.O.) World Health Organization (W.H.O.) etc.,

10. Explain the role of UNO in maintaining World Peace.

  • The disputes like Suez Canal, Iran, Indonesia, Greece, Kashmir, Palestine, Korea, Hungary, Congo, Cyprus, Arab-Israel, Namibia, Afghanistan etc are worthy to be mentioned which have been dealt by UN.
  • Series of serious effects for disarmament both conventional and nuclear have been made by U.N.
  • It is to be observed that in the post – cold war situation, the U.N. could play more effective role in the maintenance of world peace.

11. What are the functions of UNESCO?

  • This is a prominent specialized organ mainly dealing with the promotion of science, education, and culture throughout the globe.
  • It aims at the development of technical education, information technology, creative mental, cultural and environment studies.
  • In the development of knowledge and its dissemination UNESCO assists state and non-state institutions all over the World.

12. Explain the role of IMF in solving the economic problems of the world.

  • It aims at solving international economic problems.
  • It strives to promote world trade, economic stability and sound balance of payment situations.
  • It strives to harmonize the economic relations of advanced and poor nations.

13. List out the objectives of Commonwealth of Nations.

  • Upholding of democracy, liberties, assisting to eradicate poverty, promotion of world peace, sports, science, and culture ties are some of the objectives of Commonwealth of Nations.
  • This Organization helps to promote friendly ties among the member states.

14. Explain the European Union.

  • The European Union or EU is a Union of 27 European Countries.
  • It was established in 1992 by the Treaty of European Union in Maastrict.
  • It implements a common single market, a single currency, common agricultural and trade policy etc.
  • The most important EU institutions are
  • The Council
  • The Commission
  • The European Parliament
  • The Court of Justice
  • As such EU may resemble a federation or Confederation. Supporters of the European Union agree that it is a force for peace and democracy.
  • European Union is the successor of European Economic Community (EEC). The members of the EU have transferred to it considerable sovereignty.

V. Additional Questions

1. What are the Social Achievements of U.N.O.?

  • A number of educational health, women and children welfare schemes have been implemented by UN through W.H.O., UNESCO, UNICEF, UNHCR etc.,
  • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 can also be cited as a great achievement.
  • Even in the eradication of apartheid principle i.e. racial discrimination, colonialism, imperialism the role of UN can be traced to a large extent.

2. What are the aims of F.A.O.?

  • Improvement of agriculture
  • Provision of more nutritious food
  • Liberation of the world population from hunger and
  • Improvement of the living conditions of the rural people.

3. What are the achievements of W.H.O.?

W.H.O. is successful in eradicating small fox from the world.

4. What are the main objectives of UNICEF?

Its main objectives are to provide favorable condition for the development of women and children. It extends assistance to all the needy countries of the world to fulfill these goals.

5. Why should we encourage to purchase the greeting cards by the UNICEF?

The money collected by selling the greeting cards by this organization is utilized for the welfare of the children.

6. Name the two Subsidiaries of I.B.R.D.

The International Development Association (IDA) The International Finance corporation (IFC)

7. What are the functions of the W.T.O.?

  • It functions along with the World Bank in formulating policies on International trade and Commerce.
  • Developing nations do force some difficulties owing to free trade policy.
  • It can be regarded as the 3rd economic pillar of World Trade and Commerce along with I.M.F and I.B.R.D.
8. Write a note Commonwealth of Nations.
  • This was formally called British Commonwealth of Nations and later the word “British‟ has been deleted.
  • It started in 1926 and most of the countries including India which got independence voluntarily joined this organization.
  • It is symbolically heated by the British Crown.
  • At present there are 54 countries in the Commonwealth of Nations and London is its headquarters.
  • Prime Minister, Finance and Foreign Ministers are participating in the meetings of this organization.
  • Upholding of democracy, liberties, assisting to eradicate poverty, promotion of world peace, sports, science, and cultural ties are some of the objectives of Commonwealth of Nations.
  • This Organization helps to promote friendly ties among the member states.

9. What is SAARC? What are its objectives?

  • SAARC is South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation came into existence in 1985. Having its headquarters at Katmandu of Nepal.
  • It consists of 8 countries like India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Srilanka, Maldives, Nepal, Bhutan and Afghanistan
  • This is mainly aspiring for the promotion of welfare of these states.
  • The main objectives of SAARC are the promotions of economic growth, social progress and cultural development through mutual cooperation.

10. What is ASEAN? And what are its main objectives?

  • ASEAN is the Association of South East Asian Nations came into existence in 1967.
  • The main objects of ASEAN are
  • To accelerate the economic growth, social progress and cultural development in this region
  • To promote active collaboration and mutual assistance in economic, social, cultural, technical, Scientific, Administration fields etc.,

11. What are the main objectives of O.A.U.?

  • The O.A.U. was formed in 1963
  • A large number of African states which gained independence have initially evolved a number of regional associations.
  • Later, they formed this organization of African Unity. It stands for the principles of self-determination of all the independent African States.
  • It upholds freedom, equality, justice and solidarity of African countries.
  • The member states of OAU expressed their determination “to fight against neo-colonialism in all its forms”.

POINTS TO REMEMBER:

1945 – F.A.O. was started.

1948 – W.H.O was established.

1946 – UNESCO was established.

1946 – UNICEF was started.

1945 – I.M.F was established.

1947 – I.B.R.D was established.

1926 – Commonwealth was started.

1985 – SAARC Came into existence.

1992 – European Union was established.

1967 – ASEAN came into existence.

1963 – OAU was formed.

1957 – UNICEF became a permanent institution.

1965 – UNICEF won Noble prize.

1945 – U.N.O. as World Organization came into existence.

1995 – W.T.O. was established.

Key Points

  • There are 193 members‟ nations in the UNO.
  • Delegates of 50 nations who participated in the San Francisco Conference signed the
  • Charter of the U.N. on 26th June 1945.
  • The Security Council consists of 15 members out which 5 nations are permanent members and others are non permanent members.
  • International Court of Justice consists of 15 judges for a term of 9 years.
  • The Economic and Social Council consists of 54 members elected by the General Assembly.
  • The UNICEF consists of 30 members.
  • Commonwealth of Nations consists of 54 countries.
  • SAARC consists of 8 countries.
  • EU is union of 27 European countries.
  • The Chapter of the U.N.O. is its basic document containing 111 articles divided into 19 chapters.

F.A.O. – Food and Agricultural Organization

W.H.O. – World Health Organization

UNESCO – The United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNICEF – United Nations Children‟s Emergency Fund

I.M.F. – International Monetary Fund

I.B.R.D. – International Bank of Reconstruction and Development

I.L.O. – International Labour Organization

U.N.C.T.A.D – The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

W.T.O. – World Trade Organization

GATT – General Agreement of Trade and Tariff

U.N.D.P. – The United Nations Development Programme

IDA – International Development Association

IFC – International Finance Corporation

OAU – The Organization of African Unity

ASEAN – Association of South East Asian Nations

SAARC – South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

EU – European Union

UNHCR – The UN High Commission of Refuges

HEADQUARTERS:

U.N.O. – New York City

International Court of Justice - Hague of Netherland

The Secretariat – New York (branches in Geneva, Vienna and Nairobi)

F.A.O. – Rome

W.H.O and I.L.O. – Geneva of Switzerland

UNESCO – Paris

I.M.F. and I.B.R.D. – Washington

Commonwealth of Nations – London

SAARC – Katmandu of Nepal

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