WORLD PROBLEMS AND INDIA’S ROLE-10th Standard Social Science Notes

CHAPETR 4

Political Science

WORLD PROBLEMS AND INDIA’S ROLE

I Choose the Correct Answer from the following alternatives

1. Discriminations based on religion, race, gender, caste & nationality persisted resulting in

a)Armaments race b) denial of human rights c)Racism d) Terrorism

2. Reduction or elimination of certain or all armaments for the purpose of ending armaments race refers to

a)Terrorism b) Disarmament  c)Armament d) Racism

3. The expansion of „MAD‟ is

a)Mutual Assured Disarmament b) Mutual Assured Disaster c)Mutual Assured Destruction d) Mutual Assured Development

4. The country which did not implement racial equality for longtime is

a)South Africa b) Ethiopia c)Sudan d) Kenya

5. The “Apartheid‟ refers to

a)Inhuman treatment of white b) Proper treatment of non- Race white race

c)Proper treatment of white race d) Inhuman treatment of non- White race

6. UNO declared the human rights on

a) December 10th 1948 b) December 13th 1948 c) December 13th 1947 d) December 10th 1947

7. The collapse of World Trade Center in 2001 in one of the example of

a)Fascism b) Imperialism c)Terrorism d) Communism

8. The Non-Proliferation treaty has been set up to check a)Biological arms race b)Chemical arms race c) Nuclear arms race d)None of the above

9. Find the odd one out.

a) Strategic arms Limitation Treaty b) Partial Test Ban Treaty

c) Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty d) Economic & technological Co-operation Treaty

10. Mahatma Gandhi, Abraham Lincoln, John F Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Nelson Mandela supported the cause of

a)Racial inequality b) Colonialism c)Racial equality d) None of the above

12. Identify the option which does not come under Human Rights.

a)Right to equality b) Right to property c)Right to liberty d) Right to freedom of religion

II. Fill in the Blanks

1. Human Rights Day is celebrated on December 10th

2. India is consistently championing the cause of universal human rights.

3. Nelson Mandela has fought against African Racial Discrimination

4. Human Rights include individual respect and Right to equality

5. The post war period has witnessed the total collapse of Colonialism and Imperialism

6. We have to end war or else war will end us

7. Armament race seems to be the most dangerous symptom of the present day world.

8. India is a pioneer country to oppose neo-imperialism of America and other countries.

9. The collapse of world trade centre was in the year2001

III. Match the following

1. American war of Independence a) 1789 f. 1776

2. French Revolution b) 1948 a. 1789

3. Declaration of Human Rights c) 1935 b. 1948

4. Collapse of World Trade Center d) 1945 c. 2001

5. End of World war e) 2001 d. 1945

----------------------------f) 1776

IV. Answer the following Questions.

1. What were the main problems faced after Second World War?

  • Human rights
  • Armaments race
  • Economic inequality
  • Racism
  • Terrorism

2. Explain Indian role in favour of Human Rights.

  • India has always championed the cause of Universal Human Rights.
  • She has provided for fundamental rights in the constitution itself.
  • Even has in UN General Assembly India always upheld the cause of basic rights of human beings all over the World.
  • India is against genocide, all sorts of exploitation and oppression.
  • Even through UNO and other International forums India urges for the protection of human rights.

3. Arms race will lead to world destruction explain the effects of arms competition in this background.

  • Armaments lead to evils like global level fear, insecurity, tension and even to war.
  • In order to overcome all those evils disarmament has been placed before the world as the need of present day world.
  • It is a fact that arms and ammunitions are economically wasteful.
  • However, for the future safety of the world serious efforts are needed to avert wars.

4. What were the disarmament Treaties signed among world countries?

  • Since 1963 the USA and USSR had entered into a number of bilateral agreements.
  • Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty
  • Partial Test Ban Treaty
  • The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
  • The Non – Proliferation Treaty are some of the landmarks to check the nuclear arms race.

5. What are the features of economic backwardness of nations? What are the reasons for this?

  • The present day world-family is has a very big of issue of economic inequality among its members. This situation is partially the historical legacy of colonialism and exploitation.
  • Europeans powers have established their colonies in Africa, Asia and even in Latin American Countries.
  • Owing to this policy of imperialism those countries who suffered alien Colonial rule have remained economically backward. Their progress has been hampered till the first half of the 20th Century.
  • After independence, those countries especially Africa and Asian did endeavour to achieve economic progress.
  • But lack of sufficient capital to develop agriculture, industry, transport and communication, science education, health etc. Such underdeveloped countries had to depend upon foreign aid.
  • After 1945, in the bipolar world American bloc and Russian Communist block started assisting these backward countries.
  • But at same time this economic inequality situation has been exploited to serve the national interests of the advanced countries.

6. What are the reforms to have economic inequality in India?

  • India has launched the policy of non-alignment. She advocated for the economic assistance to the needy countries by rich nations without any tag.
  • India has championed the cause of national pride of the economically weak countries; but at the same time India stood for the smooth flow of capital investment by affluent nations.
  • India is a pioneer country to oppose neo-imperialism of America and other countries who would exploit the situation of poor nations.

7. “Racial discrimination is against humanism‟ Justify.

  • Racial discrimination and inhuman treatment of non-white races have been considered, a bane on world civilizations.
  • The Europeans after Renaissance started building vast empires on the eastern and western parts of the globe.
  • Thus, the so called races mainly brown, black and even yellow hailing from African, Asian and American countries were looked down up on by the white race.
  • This type of racism was basically inhuman and un-ethical.
  • This policy persisted for a long time in the world in spite of many reforms.

8. What are the effects of terrorism?

  • Terrorism refers to those violent acts which are intended to create fear.
  • Such acts are based on religious, political or ideological goal causing heavy damage to men and materials.
  • Apart from these, terrorism creates heavy psychological impact.
  • It causes negative impact on civilized society and government.
  • Terrorism is a political tactic which creates fear complexities and glorifies the ideology of the terrorist organizations.
  • Such acts of organized violence are fully unlawful and antisocial in nature.

9. What are the measures taken to curb terrorism in India?

  • India’s policy is totally against terrorism of all kinds in and around our nation.
  • Our Central Government as well as state Governments is continuously venturing to control terrorism and thereby protect men and property.
  • Anti-terrorist forces are set up specially trained to combat terrorism.
  • Many a time our Defense Forces are pressed into action to throw out terrorism.
  • India has even assisted the neighbor countries like Srilanka to restrain terrorist activities.
  • As a peace loving nation India is against terrorism.

V. Extra Questions:

1. Name the factors which are the denial of human rights.

Discriminations based on religion, race, gender, caste, colour and nationality persisted resulting in oppression and denial of human rights.

2. List out the Human Rights.

  • Right to life and liberty
  • Right to security
  • Right to equality
  • Right to freedom of religion
  • Right to cultural and educational rights etc.,

3. What is Disarmament?

Disarmament means the reduction or elimination of certain or all armaments for the purpose of ending armaments race.

4. What made underdeveloped countries to depend on foreign aid?

Lack of sufficient capital to develop Agriculture, Industry, transport and communication, science education, health etc., made the underdeveloped countries to depend upon foreign aid.

5. Name the International policies adversely affecting third world countries.

International trade policies like dumping, free trade, unhealthy competitions, globalization, adversely affect the poor nations.

6. Name the persons who fought against the racial equality.

  • Mahatma Gandhi Abraham Lincoln John F Kennedy Martin Luther King Nelson Mandela

7. What is Terrorism?

  • Terrorism means the systematic use of terror as a means of coercion.
  • It refers to those violent acts which are intended to create fear.
  • Such acts are based on religious, political or ideological goal causing heavy damage to men and materials.

8. What are the problems faced by India with regard to the terrorists activities?

  • India is considered as one of the soft bases for terrorists.
  • Kashmir, Nagaland, Mizoram, Assam etc have been chosen as the targets of terrorism in our Country.
  • Even Naxalism has created havocs by fanning terrorism.
  • Fanatic thoughts of Jihadi groups have also provided fuel for terrorism in India.
  • Neighboring countries like Pakistan and China have been accused many a time for their role in terrorist activities in our country.

9. What were the heinous Techniques of terrorists?

Suicidal attacks, hijacking, gun-battles, bombing, keeping the targeted persons or innocents as hostages are some of the heinous technique of terrorists.

POINTS TO REMEMBER:

1945 Birth of United Nations Organization

1776 American War of Independence

1789 French Revolution

10th 1948 Declaration of Human Rights

1963 The USA and USSR had entered in to a number of bilateral agreements. SALT Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty Partial Test Ban Treaty

CTBT The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Non Proliferation Treaty – To check the nuclear arms race

MAD – Mutual Assured Destruction

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